The IPPF Topic Primer, written by IPPF Advisory Board member and Notre Dame High School Director of Debate Christina Phillips, is a valuable tool that helps introduce teams to various research on this year's topic, "Resolved: The benefits of artificial intelligence outweigh the harms."

 

It is important to remember, however, that this document does not represent an official declaration of the scope or intent of the topic. 

 

In other words, independent research is highly recommended and valued by the judges! 

IPPF Topic primer