The IPPF Topic Primer, written by Dr. Matthew Munday, director of debate at The Westminster Schools, is a valuable tool that helps introduce teams to various research on this year's topic, "Resolved: The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is an effective model for international cooperation."

 

It is important to remember, however, that this document does not represent an official declaration of the scope or intent of the topic. 

 

In other words, independent research is highly recommended and valued by the judges! 

IPPF Topic primer